Increases in household dwellings in England and Wales

The Census 2021 shows the scale of growth in household dwellings in England and Wales.

Between 2011 and 2021, the total number of dwellings grew by nearly two million (1,965,164/ 8.04%)

Figures from the Census 2021, released on March 30th, 2023, are compared with previous Census 2011 statistics.

Growth of dwellings in the last decade was more substantial in London, and Southern and Eastern Regions, when compared to the Northern Regions. This adds to concern about the slower pace of economic growth in the North of England.

Increases in dwellings between 2011 and 2021 were largest in London (+328,475) and the South-East (+322,167). There were also substantial increases in Eastern England (+226.797), the South-West (+222,398) and the East Midlands (+182,817).

London has the biggest percentage growth in dwellings over the decade of any region (+ 9.70%).

Unoccupied dwellings grew between 2011 and 2021. This will worry housing campaigners. The fastest growth was in Wales and London. Unoccupied dwellings in 2021 form 8.21% of all dwellings in Wales and 8.00 % in London. The Covid-19 pandemic influenced these figures.

Rapid growth in London is most impacted by the development of flats. The number of flats (includes maisonettes and apartments) grew by 311,383 (+17.65%), while the volume of terraced housing decreased by 17,001 (-2.19%).

See the full White Horse Briefing report (open access ) at: Research Briefing 042301

Haynes, P. (2023) Increases in Dwellings: evidence from the UK Census. Regions in England and Wales 2011 to 2021. Research Briefing 042301. Chichester: White Horse

All UK Census data is Crown Copyright and publicly available.

Source: Office for National Statistics

Census 2021 at:

Census 2011 at: